this was published by swarajyamag.com on 13 May 2016 at http://swarajyamag.com/politics/why-this-election-is-a-tipping-point-for-kerala with a number of edits. The edits, of course, are the prerogative of the editor, and since i was traveling and didn’t have a computer, i asked them to just go ahead and make changes they wanted.
but here’s the original copy i submitted:
Why this election is a tipping point for Kerala, but also an object lesson for the rest of India
Many non Keralites would have heard of the Assembly elections about to happen here on May 16th only because of the god-awful ruckus made by the Congress that PM Narendra Modi ‘insulted’ Kerala by comparing it to Somalia. That’s not exactly what happened, and there were – what’s the favorite word of Barkha Dutt et al – ‘nuances’.
What he actually said was that the Scheduled Tribes of Kerala had child mortality rates approaching those of Somalia, which is factually correct: some 60 per thousand compared to some 90 per thousand. And it turned out that Communist supremo V S Achuthanandan had made the same comparison in 2013, and the Economic and Political Weekly had also said similar things.
Of course, the spin doctors went into overdrive, and #Somalia dominated the twittersphere and the discourse in Kerala for a few crucial days. That, in fact, was the critical outcome: it is of the ‘dog in the night-time’ variety. What did it displace as an object of discussion in the media? @sarath7750 put it well: “What Somalia gained for Chandy was the slow disappearance of #JusticeForJisha”
Well, it was the brutal rape-murder of Jisha, a Scheduled Caste law student. The inhuman violence (she was hit so hard that her intestines spilled out; her genitals were mutilated) of that crime had captured the attention of the public, and it was a major embarrassment for Congress CM Oommen Chandy that the murder was swept under the carpet. No mainstream medium covered it for a week; it was only social media pressure that forced the police and media to wake up.
Chandy calculated, rightly, that if Jisha were to be in people’s minds, he would be hurt. So he clutched at the straw that Modi gave him with the Somalia word, and manufactured major outrage. I think he did a good job of that, so much so that poor Jisha has disappeared from the headlines. Her tormentor(s) have not been found; the police did a major cock-up by a) cremating her quickly and b) not sealing off the murder site and allowing the evidence including fingerprints to be trampled over. It is quite likely that this was intentional, based on orders from high-ups in politics, as Janmabhoomi newspaper, a BJP associate, claimed.
Jisha is a metaphor for what Kerala has become, and so are the tribals of Attappady, who have been dying of malnutrition and neglect. Their traditional highlands have been encroached or alienated by grasping low-landers who ply them with liquor, in addition to molesting their women. It is no exaggeration, and an immense shame, that in relatively well-off Kerala, these aboriginal people are treated like so much vermin (much like Native Americans were by white settlers in the US).
Jisha is a metaphor for how the status of women has deteriorated in Kerala, especially Hindu women. There are many sex scandals, trafficking, and so on and almost all the victims are Hindu: eg Soumya, Shari, Sarita. In a state that once boasted of its matrilineal respect for women, things have changed 180 degrees.
Furthermore, after 60 years of the formation of Kerala in 1956 from the kingdoms of Travancore and Cochin and the British-run Malabar, on almost every single measure, Kerala has regressed. Both the coalitions that have ruled the state, the UDF and LDF, are culpable. Not that Kerala was a paradise in 1956, but it had:
- The highest level of general education in the country, with literacy at 2x the national rate
- 53% of the state’s income was from agriculture, and it accounted for the majority of India’s foreign exchange earnings. 90% of the nation’s production of coconut, rubber, pepper, cashewnuts, cardamom, tapioca and arecanut
- Highest health indicators, with child mortality rates at ½ or national average; death rates were also half the national average
- 3x the national average in road density, 20% of all inland water transport
- 25 Public Sector Undertakings, all profitable
All that is a distant memory. Today’s situation is dire:
- Education is pathetic. Kerala is now 17th in upper primary and 20th in primary level education in India, which itself was 91 out of 92 countries studied in PISA rankings
- 31% of students in class IV in state syllabus cannot read the class I textbook
- Majority of state’s revenues come from liquor + lottery + Gulf remittances, none of which is sustainable. 30% of sales tax take is for liquor. 40% of state income is overseas remittances
- Agriculture has been completely devastated. Rice cultivation has come to a virtual halt in this, one of the best rice-growing areas in the world. 89% of Kerala’s rice comes from outside. The state is dependent on imports for onions, potatoes (UP), pulses (MP), vegetables, milk, meat (TN), rice, lentils (AP), sugar (Maharashtra)
- Drinking water of high quality not available to 71% of public, compared to 94% in TN, 89% in Gujarat, 83% in MP. This in one of the rainiest parts of the country
- Total 4-lane roads in Kerala: 120 km, in Tamil Nadu: 3437 km
- Total PSUs in Kerala: 125, number that’s profitable: 43. In 2013-14 alone, 16 were shut down
These are general indicators of malaise, but there are differences among different communities. The general condition of Hindus in particular is staggering, especially of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Statistics courtesy the BJP http://www.keralabjp.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/total-final.pdf unless otherwise indicated:
- There are no programs for SC widows (but there are housing programs for divorced/abandoned/widowed non-Hindu women)
- 66% of SCs are below the poverty line, 55% live in colonies
- 25,408 SC families have no homes or land. 1,23,871 families live in one-room houses (Jisha lived in one such, a rickety, kaccha building)
- 86,333 SC families do not have electricity
- 79% of SC are day laborers. Less than 1% have government jobs
- The Adivasi STs of Kerala are on the verge of extinction
- 58% of STs have no basic conveniences, 57% have no electricity
- 80% ST homes have no toilets
- Kerala is the only state in the country that has not implemented forest rights for STs
- Non-Hindu students get educational loans at 3% interest
- Non-Hindu youths get 50,000 rupee grants to buy autos
- Non-Hindu students in it is get fee refund
- Non-Hindus get no-interest loans for housing
- Muslim youth have 16 PSC/UPSC exam coaching centers, free IAS coaching, up to 6,00,000 rupees loans at 6% interest
- Madrasa teachers get pensions up to 5,200 rupees per month
This sort of unequal treatment of Hindus is endemic in Kerala. For instance, Hindu temples have been expropriated by the state, yet obviously wealthy churches and mosques function unmolested.
A few years ago, an income tax officer (and a non-Hindu at that) arrived at the temple at Venpalavattam in Trivandrum and confiscated the hundi for alleged non-payment of tax. Upon investigation, I found a tax court ruling http://www.patheos.com/blogs/drishtikone/2012/12/income-tax-appellate-decides-hinduism-is-neither-a-religion-nor-a-community/ that justified it: it says Hinduism is not a religion, and therefore not eligible for tax-exempt status. The use of elephants in temples is under attack, but not the traditions of other religions, including the ritual sacrifice of large numbers of animals.
When there was a major fireworks accident at Paravur recently, the government essentially shrugged its shoulders. Since it takes all the money, it should be responsible for upkeep and management, but no, it’s one-way traffic. Many temples have also found their lands encroached and alienated, and they are unable to sustain themselves because these lands were their endowment.
When land reform expropriated large holdings and redistributed them to poor people, plantations were explicitly excluded, but not paddy fields. Well, quite by coincidence, it turned the plantations were owned by a certain community, and the paddy fields were owned largely by Hindus.
C I Issac, a professor, argues with voluminous data that Hindus are under severe stress. They are only around 50% of the population, but 92% of the suicides are Hindus, often for economic reasons. 80% of the state’s educational and trade institutions are owned by non-Hindus. 80% of the bank balances are, too. Non-Hindus on average own significantly more land than Hindus. Thus, on almost every count, the Hindu population of the state is particularly disadvantaged.
The status of SC and ST is especially bad. There was outrage when ST children were filmed eating garbage. Large numbers of them die young. An ST woman, denied admission to hospital, had to give birth outside, and her twin babies died. Another ST family was shown living in an abandoned toilet, using that, among other things, as their kitchen.
Add to this litany of woe the fact that the Congress government has been neck-deep in scandals of all sorts, with Solar Sarita just the tip of the iceberg. Similarly, the Communist cult of violence and the summary execution of their political opponents has made Kannur a killing field.
In the past, there was never an alternative to the Tweedledum and Tweedledee of the UDF and LDF, and that’s why Kerala voted them in alternatively. But this time there is a choice, and in Kummanam Rajasekharan, the BJP has a personable and decent leader. It’s now or never for Kerala’s Hindus: they can continue to be oppressed by the two Fronts, or they can choose to give the BJP a chance.
1550 words, 13 May 2016
#replug: how well will the BJP do in #keralaelections? http://www.firstpost.com/politics/with-udf-ldf-duopoly-in-jeopardy-bjp-may-have-a-chance-in-kerala-polls-2770146.html
May 8, 2016
firstpost published this piece on 8 may 2016 at http://www.firstpost.com/politics/with-udf-ldf-duopoly-in-jeopardy-bjp-may-have-a-chance-in-kerala-polls-2770146.html
april, the season of scandals #28pages #panamapapers #ishtratfile #agustawestland. but who’s going to jail? http://www.firstpost.com/world/agustawestland-panama-papers-ishrat-jahan-september-11-scandals-2755508.html
April 28, 2016
this was published by firstpost.com on 29 Apr 2016 at:
serious accusations, but will any of them get traction, or will the stonewalling establishment and pliant media manufacture consent, and bury them?
here’s an excerpt from the published text:
April is the cruellest month, said TS Eliot.
It has certainly been true this year in the context of scandals involving politics and the establishment. We have seen the high and mighty, mostly politicians but also journalists, athletes, film stars and so on, named and shamed in this series of revelations, and there may be parallels between them, even though they are spread all over the world.
In the US, the #28pages issue is that of a redacted chapter of 28 pages from the 9/11 enquiry commission’s official report. Some suggest that these pages — that have been seen by a limited number of people — were deemed too damaging to one of the US’s principal allies, Saudi Arabia. A former senator, Bob Graham, who had seen the impugned pages, suggests so in so many words.
The #PanamaPapers scandal established the fact that there are many loopholes and tax havens that are used by the rich and powerful to hide their (possibly ill-gotten) gains from the taxman. The US has been, quite indignantly, suggesting that offshore tax havens have hidden billions of dollars from the eyes of their Internal Revenue Service, and have forced many countries, including the famously secretive Switzerland, to reveal details about those who might be doing so.
The #Ishratfile revelation, in India’s case, suggests a nexus of politicians, journalists, lawyers and various others engaging in a clear conspiracy to hide certain facts about that dead young woman. For the first time has such a scandal hit P Chidambaram, who has hitherto been untouched, partly because he has such authority that nobody dares question him, although his election in 2009 in Sivaganga, commentators have noted, did seem a trifle odd.
The court case about that drags on.
The #AgustaWestland scam is both more and less sensational than #Ishratfile. The latter does not surprise in the sense that most of us suspected that Ishrat Jahan was indeed a Lashkar-e-Taiba operative: Well, for one thing, the LeT itself said so before quietly removing that from its website. The extent to which the Nehru dynasty has been willing to go to eliminate Narendra Modi (literally or metaphorically is not surprising either: Remember the maut ka saudagar meme, for instance).
this was published by swarajayamag on apr 19th, 2016 at https://t.co/uotI0seEwM
brazil is reeling when it should be doing well with the upcoming Rio Olympics and a huge new hydrocarbon deposit offshore.
russia is in deep doo-doo with the oil price collapse, and #deepstate-induced wars in ukraine and syria
india is sort of blundering on
china is collapsing
south africa is rife with corruption
not a pretty picture. and who gains from all this? #deepstate.
Yes, Prime Minister: are the #babus #sabotaging the PM? http://www.firstpost.com/india/bureaucracy-strikes-back-pathankot-fiasco-indicates-that-public-servants-are-sabotaging-modis-agenda-2719804.html
April 11, 2016
this was published by firstpost at http://www.firstpost.com/india/bureaucracy-strikes-back-pathankot-fiasco-indicates-that-public-servants-are-sabotaging-modis-agenda-2719804.html on april 8, 2016
i think babus are thoroughly thwarting him. and it’s not only pathankot.
machines are not omniscient. yet. #luddites http://swarajyamag.com/ideas/innovation-nation-machines-are-not-yet-omniscient
April 10, 2016
this was published at http://swarajyamag.com/ideas/innovation-nation-machines-are-not-yet-omniscient on apr 7
Events in the recent past have given us opposing perspectives on how well Artificial Intelligence (AI) is doing. The sum total of the fallout from these is that the status quo ante prevails: machines are getting pretty good at specialized tasks, but they are still rather bad at being generalists. This may mean that it will be a few more years yet before we are all out-competed for jobs by untiring, unforgetting, unflappable computers that are also ruthlessly logical and omniscient.
The most spectacular event, of course, was Google DeepMind’s dethroning of the reigning world champion in the game of Go, by a devastating margin on 4-1 in a five-game match, after taking the first three in a row. Go is supposed to be much harder than chess, and experts had not expected a machine to achieve this feat for another ten years. The ease with which ‘deep-learning’ algorithms came up with winning techniques was quite amazing.
April 10, 2016
this was published in Swarajya April 2016 issue
The Paris-based Netexplo group, an affiliate of UNESCO, is focused on finding innovations from all over the world. By cooperating with their academic advisory board, which consists of faculty from all over the world, Netexplo does a “spotting” exercise in which students identify interesting innovations. (Disclaimer: I am a member of that board, and attended their annual forum in February).
These innovations are broadly classified as “digital”, which definition may not be as clear today as it was when Netexplo started this exercise 10 years ago. That is partly because “digital” has now an inevitable part of the infrastructure. And partly because once we get into areas like machine intelligence, nano-robots, self-correcting drones and other bio-mimetic systems, the distinction between digital and natural organisms may cease to be meaningful.
The fundamental question is whether you are using technology in interesting ways. What Netexplo does is take the few thousand ideas spotted, and distill them into a shortlist of 100, which is then winnowed down to a final list of 10 prize winners, who are invited to Paris in February for the Forum, where the Grand Prix is announced.
The second thing they do is to try to identify trends from what is seen in a particular year. They are clear that they are looking at trends, and not making forecasts: many of the trends may sputter in future, and amount to nothing; others may become big winners.
These innovative ideas are not necessarily from entrepreneurial startups (although many are): significant numbers are from university or other research institutions, some from NGOs, and some from large corporations as well. The criteria for selection are novelty, viability and societal value. Over the years, winners have included Twitter, WordLens (now part of Google Translate), Aadhaar, Layar (an augmented reality app), Wearable Thermo-Element, Electronic Tattoos, and many others.